Deep Teeth Cleanings in Durham
Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease) Treatment
Scaling and Root Planing
The initial stage of treatment for periodontal disease (gum disease) is usually a thorough cleaning that may include scaling or root planing. The objective of these non-surgical procedures is to remove etiologic agents such as dental plaque and calculus (or tartar), which cause gingival inflammation and disease.
Scaling and root planing can be used as a stand-alone treatment or a preventive measure. They are commonly performed on cases of gingivitis and moderate to severe periodontal disease.
The second stage of treatment is periodontal maintenance cleanings, ranging from every 3 to 4 months. These cleanings have the objective to maintain your teeth clean in order to stabilize your condition. Both stages are very important in successfully managing gum disease.
What Do the Procedures Entail?
Ivelis Hernández-Ramírez, DMD, and Reinaldo Lasanta-García, DMD will only perform scaling and root planing after a thorough examination of the mouth, which may include taking x-rays and visually examining the mouth. Depending on the condition of the gums, the amount of tartar present, the depth of the pockets, and the progression of periodontitis, Ivelis Hernández-Ramírez, DMD, or Reinaldo Lasanta-García, DMD may recommend scaling and root planing. In some cases, a local anesthesia may be used during the procedure.
When scaling is performed, calculus and plaque that attaches to the tooth surfaces is removed. The process especially targets the area below the gum line, along the root. Scaling is performed with a special dental tool called an ultrasonic scaling tool. The scaling tool usually includes an irrigation process that can be used to deliver an antimicrobial agent below the gums to help reduce oral bacteria.
Root planing is performed in order to remove cementum and surface dentin that is embedded with unwanted microorganisms, toxins and tartar. The root of the tooth is literally smoothed, which promotes healing, and also helps prevent bacteria from easily colonizing in the future.
Antibiotics or irrigation with anti-microbials (chemical agents or mouth rinses) may be recommended to help control the growth of bacteria that create toxins and cause periodontitis. In some cases, Ivelis Hernández-Ramírez, DMD, or Reinaldo Lasanta-García, DMD may place antibiotic medicaments in the periodontal pockets after scaling and planing. This may be done to control infection and to encourage normal healing.
When deep pockets between teeth and gums are present, it is difficult for Dr. Hernandez-Ramírez, or Dr. Lasanta-García to thoroughly remove plaque and tartar. Patients can seldom, if ever, keep these pockets clean and free of plaque. Consequently, surgery may be needed to restore periodontal health.
Benefits of Treatment
If treatment is successful, scaling and planing may have many periodontal benefits. One is that it can help prevent the disease or stop its progress. Research has proven that bacteria from periodontal infections can travel through the blood stream and affect other areas of the body, sometimes causing heart and respiratory diseases. Scaling and root planing remove bacteria that can contribute to these conditions.
Another benefit of treatment is protecting teeth against tooth loss. When gum pockets exceed 3mm in depth, the risk for periodontal disease increases. As pockets deepen, more bacteria are able to colonize, eventually causing a chronic inflammatory response by the body to destroy gingival and bone tissue leading to tooth loss.
Finally, scaling and root planing may make the mouth more aesthetically pleasing, and should reduce bad breath caused from food particles and bacteria in the oral cavity. Superficial stains on the teeth will be removed during scaling and root planing, adding an extra bonus to the procedures.